前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口

今日内容概要

  • 登陆注册页面
  • 多方式登陆功能
  • 腾讯云短信发送二次封装
  • 发送短信接口

内容详细

1、登陆注册页面(前端项目页面)

# 打开前端项目 luffycity:

# 如果登录注册是一个新页面,比较好写
	新建一个页面组件,跳转到这个页面即可
    
    
# 使用vue-router实现页面跳转
	第一步:需要在router文件夹的index.js中配置一条路由
	{
		path: '/login',
		name: 'login',
		component: Login
	}
    
	第二步:访问/login路径,就会显示Login这个页面组件
	
	第三步:点击按钮跳转到这个路径
	js中:this.$router.push('/login')
    
	第四步:在html页面中跳转-->点击该标签,就可以跳转到/login这个路径
	<router-link to="/login"></router-link>
    
    
# 如果登录注册是单独一个页面的话比较简单

# 现在要求登录注册是弹出模态框效果--》弹出框---》也是组件
	创建:Login,Register两个组件,普通组件---》放在components文件夹下

更改 src/router/index.js

import Vue from 'vue'
import VueRouter from 'vue-router'
import HomeView from '../views/HomeView.vue'
import Login from "@/components/Login"

Vue.use(VueRouter)

const routes = [
    {
        path: '/',
        name: 'home',
        component: HomeView
    },
    {
        path: '/home',
        name: 'home',
        component: HomeView
    },
    {
        path: '/login',
        name: 'login',
        component: Login
    },
]

const router = new VueRouter({
    mode: 'history',
    base: process.env.BASE_URL,
    routes
})

export default router

更改 src/components/Header.vue :

<template>
  <div class="header">
    <div class="slogan">
      <p>老男孩IT教育 | 帮助有志向的年轻人通过努力学习获得体面的工作和生活</p>
    </div>
    <div class="nav">
      <ul class="left-part">
        <li class="logo">
          <router-link to="/">
            <img src="../assets/img/head-logo.svg" alt="">
          </router-link>
        </li>
        <li class="ele">
          <span @click="goPage('/free-course')" :class="{active: url_path === '/free-course'}">免费课</span>
        </li>
        <li class="ele">
          <span @click="goPage('/actual-course')" :class="{active: url_path === '/actual-course'}">实战课</span>
        </li>
        <li class="ele">
          <span @click="goPage('/light-course')" :class="{active: url_path === '/light-course'}">轻课</span>
        </li>
      </ul>

      <div class="right-part">
        <div>
          <span @click="put_login">登录</span>
          <span class="line">|</span>
          <span @click="put_register">注册</span>
        </div>
      </div>
      <Login v-if="is_login" @close="close_login" @go="put_register"/>
      <Register v-if="is_register" @close="close_register" @go="put_login"/>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import Login from "@/components/Login";
import Register from "@/components/Register";

export default {
  name: "Header",
  data() {
    return {
      url_path: sessionStorage.url_path || '/',
      is_login: false,
      is_register: false
    }
  },
  methods: {
    goPage(url_path) {
      // 已经是当前路由就没有必要重新跳转
      if (this.url_path !== url_path) {
        this.$router.push(url_path);
      }
      sessionStorage.url_path = url_path;
    },
    close_login() {
      this.is_login = false
    },
    close_register() {
      this.is_register = false
    },
    put_register() {
      this.is_register = true
      this.is_login = false
    },
    put_login() {
      this.is_register = false
      this.is_login = true
    }

  },
  created() {
    sessionStorage.url_path = this.$route.path;
    this.url_path = this.$route.path;
  },
  components: {
    Login, Register
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.header {
  background-color: white;
  box-shadow: 0 0 5px 0 #aaa;
}

.header:after {
  content: "";
  display: block;
  clear: both;
}

.slogan {
  background-color: #eee;
  height: 40px;
}

.slogan p {
  width: 1200px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  color: #aaa;
  font-size: 13px;
  line-height: 40px;
}

.nav {
  background-color: white;
  user-select: none;
  width: 1200px;
  margin: 0 auto;

}

.nav ul {
  padding: 15px 0;
  float: left;
}

.nav ul:after {
  clear: both;
  content: '';
  display: block;
}

.nav ul li {
  float: left;
}

.logo {
  margin-right: 20px;
}

.ele {
  margin: 0 20px;
}

.ele span {
  display: block;
  font: 15px/36px '微软雅黑';
  border-bottom: 2px solid transparent;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.ele span:hover {
  border-bottom-color: orange;
}

.ele span.active {
  color: orange;
  border-bottom-color: orange;
}

.right-part {
  float: right;
}

.right-part .line {
  margin: 0 10px;
}

.right-part span {
  line-height: 68px;
  cursor: pointer;
}
</style>

更改 src/components/Banner.vue的template标签:

<template>
  <div class="banner">
    <el-carousel :interval="5000" arrow="always" height="400px">
      <el-carousel-item v-for="item in banner_list">
        <!-- 只跳自己的路径,不会跳第三方 百度,cnblogs,-->
        <div v-if="!(item.link.indexOf('http')>-1)">
          <router-link :to="item.link">
            <img :src="item.image" alt="">
          </router-link>
        </div>
        <div v-else>
          <a :href="item.link"> 
            <img :src="item.image" alt="">
          </a>
        </div>
      </el-carousel-item>
    </el-carousel>
  </div>
</template>

新建:src/components/Register.vue

<template>
  <div class="register">
    <div class="box">
      <i class="el-icon-close" @click="close_register"></i>
      <div class="content">
        <div class="nav">
          <span class="active">新用户注册</span>
        </div>
        <el-form>
          <el-input
              placeholder="手机号"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-phone-outline"
              v-model="mobile"
              clearable
              @blur="check_mobile">
          </el-input>
          <el-input
              placeholder="密码"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-key"
              v-model="password"
              clearable
              show-password>
          </el-input>
          <el-input
              placeholder="验证码"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-chat-line-round"
              v-model="sms"
              clearable>
            <template slot="append">
              <span class="sms" @click="send_sms">{{ sms_interval }}</span>
            </template>
          </el-input>
          <el-button type="primary">注册</el-button>
        </el-form>
        <div class="foot">
          <span @click="go_login">立即登录</span>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  name: "Register",
  data() {
    return {
      mobile: '',
      password: '',
      sms: '',
      sms_interval: '获取验证码',
      is_send: false,
    }
  },
  methods: {
    close_register() {
      this.$emit('close', false)
    },
    go_login() {
      this.$emit('go')
    },
    check_mobile() {
      if (!this.mobile) return;
      if (!this.mobile.match(/^1[3-9][0-9]{9}$/)) {
        this.$message({
          message: '手机号有误',
          type: 'warning',
          duration: 1000,
          onClose: () => {
            this.mobile = '';
          }
        });
        return false;
      }
      this.is_send = true;
    },
    send_sms() {
      if (!this.is_send) return;
      this.is_send = false;
      let sms_interval_time = 60;
      this.sms_interval = "发送中...";
      let timer = setInterval(() => {
        if (sms_interval_time <= 1) {
          clearInterval(timer);
          this.sms_interval = "获取验证码";
          this.is_send = true; // 重新回复点击发送功能的条件
        } else {
          sms_interval_time -= 1;
          this.sms_interval = `${sms_interval_time}秒后再发`;
        }
      }, 1000);
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.register {
  width: 100vw;
  height: 100vh;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  z-index: 10;
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
}

.box {
  width: 400px;
  height: 480px;
  background-color: white;
  border-radius: 10px;
  position: relative;
  top: calc(50vh - 240px);
  left: calc(50vw - 200px);
}

.el-icon-close {
  position: absolute;
  font-weight: bold;
  font-size: 20px;
  top: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.el-icon-close:hover {
  color: darkred;
}

.content {
  position: absolute;
  top: 40px;
  width: 280px;
  left: 60px;
}

.nav {
  font-size: 20px;
  height: 38px;
  border-bottom: 2px solid darkgrey;
}

.nav > span {
  margin-left: 90px;
  color: darkgrey;
  user-select: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  padding-bottom: 10px;
  border-bottom: 2px solid darkgrey;
}

.nav > span.active {
  color: black;
  border-bottom: 3px solid black;
  padding-bottom: 9px;
}

.el-input, .el-button {
  margin-top: 40px;
}

.el-button {
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 18px;
}

.foot > span {
  float: right;
  margin-top: 20px;
  color: orange;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.sms {
  color: orange;
  cursor: pointer;
  display: inline-block;
  width: 70px;
  text-align: center;
  user-select: none;
}
</style>

新建:src/components/Login.vue

<template>
  <div class="login">
    <div class="box">
      <i class="el-icon-close" @click="close_login"></i>
      <div class="content">
        <div class="nav">
                    <span :class="{active: login_method === 'is_pwd'}"
                          @click="change_login_method('is_pwd')">密码登录</span>
          <span :class="{active: login_method === 'is_sms'}"
                @click="change_login_method('is_sms')">短信登录</span>
        </div>


        <el-form v-if="login_method === 'is_pwd'">
          <el-input
              placeholder="用户名/手机号/邮箱"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-user"
              v-model="username"
              clearable>
          </el-input>

          <el-input
              placeholder="密码"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-key"
              v-model="password"
              clearable
              show-password>
          </el-input>
          <el-button type="primary">登录</el-button>
        </el-form>


        <el-form v-if="login_method === 'is_sms'">
          <el-input
              placeholder="手机号"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-phone-outline"
              v-model="mobile"
              clearable
              @blur="check_mobile">
          </el-input>

          <el-input
              placeholder="验证码"
              prefix-icon="el-icon-chat-line-round"
              v-model="sms"
              clearable>
            <template slot="append">
              <span class="sms" @click="send_sms">{{ sms_interval }}</span>
            </template>
          </el-input>
          <el-button type="primary">登录</el-button>
        </el-form>

        <div class="foot">
          <span @click="go_register">立即注册</span>
        </div>

      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  name: "Login",
  data() {
    return {
      username: '',
      password: '',
      mobile: '',
      sms: '',
      login_method: 'is_pwd',
      sms_interval: '获取验证码',
      is_send: false,
    }
  },

  methods: {
    close_login() {
      this.$emit('close')
    },
    go_register() {
      this.$emit('go')
    },
    change_login_method(method) {
      this.login_method = method;
    },

    check_mobile() {
      if (!this.mobile) return;
      if (!this.mobile.match(/^1[3-9][0-9]{9}$/)) {
        this.$message({
          message: '手机号有误',
          type: 'warning',
          duration: 1000,
          onClose: () => {
            this.mobile = '';
          }
        });
        return false;
      }
      this.is_send = true;
    },

    send_sms() {
      if (!this.is_send) return;
      this.is_send = false;
      let sms_interval_time = 60;
      this.sms_interval = "发送中...";
      let timer = setInterval(() => {
        if (sms_interval_time <= 1) {
          clearInterval(timer);
          this.sms_interval = "获取验证码";
          this.is_send = true; // 重新回复点击发送功能的条件
        } else {
          sms_interval_time -= 1;
          this.sms_interval = `${sms_interval_time}秒后再发`;
        }
      }, 1000);
    }

  }
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.login {
  width: 100vw;
  height: 100vh;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  z-index: 10;
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
}

.box {
  width: 400px;
  height: 420px;
  background-color: white;
  border-radius: 10px;
  position: relative;
  top: calc(50vh - 210px);
  left: calc(50vw - 200px);
}

.el-icon-close {
  position: absolute;
  font-weight: bold;
  font-size: 20px;
  top: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.el-icon-close:hover {
  color: darkred;
}

.content {
  position: absolute;
  top: 40px;
  width: 280px;
  left: 60px;
}

.nav {
  font-size: 20px;
  height: 38px;
  border-bottom: 2px solid darkgrey;
}

.nav > span {
  margin: 0 20px 0 35px;
  color: darkgrey;
  user-select: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  padding-bottom: 10px;
  border-bottom: 2px solid darkgrey;
}

.nav > span.active {
  color: black;
  border-bottom: 3px solid black;
  padding-bottom: 9px;
}

.el-input, .el-button {
  margin-top: 40px;
}

.el-button {
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 18px;
}

.foot > span {
  float: right;
  margin-top: 20px;
  color: orange;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.sms {
  color: orange;
  cursor: pointer;
  display: inline-block;
  width: 70px;
  text-align: center;
  user-select: none;
}
</style>

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

2、多方式登陆功能(后端项目接口)

# 打开后端 luffy_api项目

# 输入用户名(手机号,邮箱),密码,都能登陆成功,签发token

# {username:lqz/1829348883775/3@qq.com,password:lqz123}--->到后端---》去数据库查用户,如果用户名密码正确,签发token,如果不正确,返回错误
	pip install restframework-jwt

修改视图类 user/views.py:

from utils.common import add  # pycharm提示红,但是没有错
from rest_framework.views import APIView
from rest_framework.response import Response
from utils.my_logging import logger


class TestView(APIView):
    def get(self, requeste):
        res = add(8, 9)
        # 记录日志
        logger.info("我执行了一下")
        print(res)
        return Response('ok')


from rest_framework.viewsets import ViewSet, GenericViewSet
from rest_framework.decorators import action
from .models import User
from rest_framework.exceptions import APIException
from utils.response import APIResponse


class MobileView(ViewSet):
    # get 请求携带手机号,就能校验手机号
    @action(methods=["GET"], detail=False)
    def check_mobile(self, request):
        try:
            mobile = request.query_params.get('mobile')
            User.objects.get(mobile=mobile)
            return APIResponse()  # {code:100,msg:成功}-->前端判断,100就是手机号存在,非100,手机号步骤
        except Exception as e:
            raise APIException(str(e))  # 处理了全局异常,这里没问题


from .serializer import MulLoginSerializer


class LoginView(GenericViewSet):
    serializer_class = MulLoginSerializer
    queryset = User

    # 两个登陆方式都写在这里面(多方式,一个是验证码登陆)
    # login不是保存,但是用post,咱们的想法是把验证逻辑写到序列化类中
    @action(methods=["post"], detail=False)
    def mul_login(self, request):
        try:
            ser = MulLoginSerializer(data=request.data, context={'request': request})
            ser.is_valid(raise_exception=True)  # 如果校验失败,直接抛异常,不需要加if判断了
            token = ser.context.get('token')
            username = ser.context.get('username')
            icon = ser.context.get('icon')
            return APIResponse(token=token, username=username, icon=icon)  # {code:100,msg:成功,token:dsadsf,username:lqz}
        except Exception as e:
            raise APIException(str(e))

新建序列化类 user/serializer.py:

from .models import User
from rest_framework import serializers
from rest_framework.exceptions import ValidationError


# 这个序列化类,只用来做反序列化,数据校验,最后不保存,不用来做序列化
class MulLoginSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    # 一定要重写username这个字段,因为username这个字段校验规则是从User表映射过来的,
    # username是唯一,假设数据库中存在lqz这个用户,传入lqz,字段自己的校验规则就会校验失败,失败原因是数据库存在一个lqz用户了
    # 所以需要重写这个字段,取消 掉它的unique
    username = serializers.CharField(max_length=18, min_length=3)  # 一定要重写,不重写,字段自己的校验过不去,就到不了全局钩子

    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = ['username', 'password']

    def validate(self, attrs):
        # 在这里面完成校验,如果校验失败,直接抛异常
        # 1 多方式得到user
        user = self._get_user(attrs)
        # 2  user签发token
        token = self._get_token(user)
        # 3  把token,username,icon放到context中
        self.context['token'] = token
        self.context['username'] = user.username
        # self.context['icon'] = 'http://127.0.0.1:8000/media/'+str(user.icon)  # 对象ImageField的对象
        # self.context['icon'] = 'http://127.0.0.1:8000/media/'+str(user.icon)  # 对象ImageField的对象
        request = self.context['request']
        # request.META['HTTP_HOST']取出服务端的ip地址
        icon = 'http://%s/media/%s' % (request.META['HTTP_HOST'], str(user.icon))
        self.context['icon'] = icon
        return attrs

    # 意思是该方法只在类内部用,但是外部也可以用,如果写成__就只能再内部用了
    def _get_user(self, attrs):
        import re
        username = attrs.get('username')
        if re.match(r'^1[3-9][0-9]{9}$', username):
            user = User.objects.filter(mobile=username).first()
        elif re.match(r'^.+@.+$', username):
            user = User.objects.filter(email=username).first()
        else:
            user = User.objects.filter(username=username).first()

        if not user:
            # raise ValidationError('用户不存在')
            raise ValidationError('用户名或密码错误')

        # 取出前端传入的密码
        password = attrs.get('password')
        if not user.check_password(password):  # 学auth时讲的,通过明文校验密码
            raise ValidationError("用户名或密码错误")

        return user

    def _get_token(self, user):
        # jwt模块中提供的
        from rest_framework_jwt.serializers import jwt_payload_handler, jwt_encode_handler
        payload = jwt_payload_handler(user)
        token = jwt_encode_handler(payload)
        return token

修改 user/urls.py:

from django.urls import path, include
from rest_framework.routers import SimpleRouter
from .views import MobileView, LoginView, SendSmsView

router = SimpleRouter()
# 127.0.0.1:8000/api/v1/user/mobile/check_mobile
router.register('mobile', UserView, 'mobile')

# # 127.0.0.1:8000/api/v1/user/login/mul_login--->post
router.register('login', LoginView, 'login')

urlpatterns = [
    path('', include(router.urls)),
]

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

3、腾讯云短信发送二次封装

# 短信文档地址:
	https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/43196

# 安装sdk模块:
	pip install tencentcloud-sdk-python

# 进入腾讯云创建密钥

# 单独文本测试短信能否正常接收



# 封装成包,以后,无论什么框架,只要把包copy过去,导入直接用即可

# 将 libs做成包 创建:
	__init__.py
	tencent_sms_v3 目录下继续创建:
		__init__.py
		settings.py
		sms.py

在 libs/tencent_sms_v3/init.py中写:

from .sms import get_code, send_sms

在 libs/tencent_sms_v3/settings.py中写:

# 按照自己的腾讯云短信配置填写
SECRETID = 'AKIDWlmZ7RWLvFI5cv0pOhx1rTr0vhEVVGl1'
SECRETKEY = '3qNddNq30g6JH1WnrhJgpjPr67uUrztY'
APPID = "1400668779"
SIGNAME = '开源大牛公众号'  
TemplateId = "1379611"

在在 libs/tencent_sms_v3/sms.py中写:

import random
from . import settings
from utils.my_logging import logger
from tencentcloud.common import credential
from tencentcloud.common.exception.tencent_cloud_sdk_exception import TencentCloudSDKException
# 导入对应产品模块的client models
from tencentcloud.sms.v20210111 import sms_client, models

# 导入可选配置类
from tencentcloud.common.profile.client_profile import ClientProfile
from tencentcloud.common.profile.http_profile import HttpProfile


# 写两个函数,
# 获取验证码的函数
def get_code(count=4):
    code_str = ''
    for i in range(count):
        num = random.randint(0, 9)
        code_str += str(num)
    return code_str


# 发送短信的函数
def send_sms(phone, code):
    try:
        cred = credential.Credential(settings.SECRETID, settings.SECRETKEY)
        # 实例化一个http选项,可选的,没有特殊需求可以跳过。
        httpProfile = HttpProfile()
        httpProfile.reqMethod = "POST"  # post请求(默认为post请求)
        httpProfile.reqTimeout = 30  # 请求超时时间,单位为秒(默认60秒)
        httpProfile.endpoint = "sms.tencentcloudapi.com"  # 指定接入地域域名(默认就近接入)
        clientProfile = ClientProfile()
        clientProfile.signMethod = "TC3-HMAC-SHA256"  # 指定签名算法
        clientProfile.language = "en-US"
        clientProfile.httpProfile = httpProfile
        client = sms_client.SmsClient(cred, "ap-guangzhou", clientProfile)
        req = models.SendSmsRequest()
        req.SmsSdkAppId = settings.APPID
        req.SignName = settings.SIGNAME
        req.TemplateId = settings.TemplateId
        req.TemplateParamSet = [code, ]
        req.PhoneNumberSet = ["+86%s" % phone, ]
        req.SessionContext = ""
        req.ExtendCode = ""
        req.SenderId = ""
        client.SendSms(req)
        # print(resp.to_json_string(indent=2))
        return True
    except TencentCloudSDKException as err:
        # 如果短信发送失败,记录一下日志--》一旦使用了记录日志,使用的是django 的日志,以后这个包,给别的框架用,要改日志
        logger.error('手机号为:%s发送短信失败,失败原因:%s' % phone, str(err))

sdk发送短信v3版本:创建send_sms_v3.py:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from tencentcloud.common import credential
from tencentcloud.common.exception.tencent_cloud_sdk_exception import TencentCloudSDKException
# 导入对应产品模块的client models。
from tencentcloud.sms.v20210111 import sms_client, models

# 导入可选配置类
from tencentcloud.common.profile.client_profile import ClientProfile
from tencentcloud.common.profile.http_profile import HttpProfile

try:
    # 必要步骤:
    # 实例化一个认证对象,入参需要传入腾讯云账户密钥对secretId,secretKey。
    # 这里采用的是从环境变量读取的方式,需要在环境变量中先设置这两个值。
    # 你也可以直接在代码中写死密钥对,但是小心不要将代码复制、上传或者分享给他人,
    # 以免泄露密钥对危及你的财产安全。
    # SecretId、SecretKey 查询: https://console.cloud.tencent.com/cam/capi
    cred = credential.Credential("AKIDWlmZ7RWLvFI5cv0pOhx1rTr0vhEVVGl1", "3qNddNq30g6JH1WnrhJgpjPr67uUrztY")
    # cred = credential.Credential(
    #     os.environ.get(""),
    #     os.environ.get("")
    # )

    # 实例化一个http选项,可选的,没有特殊需求可以跳过。
    httpProfile = HttpProfile()
    # 如果需要指定proxy访问接口,可以按照如下方式初始化hp(无需要直接忽略)
    # httpProfile = HttpProfile(proxy="http://用户名:密码@代理IP:代理端口")
    httpProfile.reqMethod = "POST"  # post请求(默认为post请求)
    httpProfile.reqTimeout = 30  # 请求超时时间,单位为秒(默认60秒)
    httpProfile.endpoint = "sms.tencentcloudapi.com"  # 指定接入地域域名(默认就近接入)

    # 非必要步骤:
    # 实例化一个客户端配置对象,可以指定超时时间等配置
    clientProfile = ClientProfile()
    clientProfile.signMethod = "TC3-HMAC-SHA256"  # 指定签名算法
    clientProfile.language = "en-US"
    clientProfile.httpProfile = httpProfile

    # 实例化要请求产品(以sms为例)的client对象
    # 第二个参数是地域信息,可以直接填写字符串ap-guangzhou,支持的地域列表参考 https://cloud.tencent.com/document/api/382/52071#.E5.9C.B0.E5.9F.9F.E5.88.97.E8.A1.A8
    client = sms_client.SmsClient(cred, "ap-guangzhou", clientProfile)

    # 实例化一个请求对象,根据调用的接口和实际情况,可以进一步设置请求参数
    # 你可以直接查询SDK源码确定SendSmsRequest有哪些属性可以设置
    # 属性可能是基本类型,也可能引用了另一个数据结构
    # 推荐使用IDE进行开发,可以方便的跳转查阅各个接口和数据结构的文档说明
    req = models.SendSmsRequest()

    # 基本类型的设置:
    # SDK采用的是指针风格指定参数,即使对于基本类型你也需要用指针来对参数赋值。
    # SDK提供对基本类型的指针引用封装函数
    # 帮助链接:
    # 短信控制台: https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2
    # 腾讯云短信小助手: https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/3773#.E6.8A.80.E6.9C.AF.E4.BA.A4.E6.B5.81

    # 短信应用ID: 短信SdkAppId在 [短信控制台] 添加应用后生成的实际SdkAppId,示例如1400006666
    # 应用 ID 可前往 [短信控制台](https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2/app-manage) 查看
    req.SmsSdkAppId = "1400668779"
    # 短信签名内容: 使用 UTF-8 编码,必须填写已审核通过的签名
    # 签名信息可前往 [国内短信](https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2/csms-sign) 或 [国际/港澳台短信](https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2/isms-sign) 的签名管理查看
    req.SignName = "开源大牛公众号"
    # 模板 ID: 必须填写已审核通过的模板 ID
    # 模板 ID 可前往 [国内短信](https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2/csms-template) 或 [国际/港澳台短信](https://console.cloud.tencent.com/smsv2/isms-template) 的正文模板管理查看
    req.TemplateId = "1379611"
    # 模板参数: 模板参数的个数需要与 TemplateId 对应模板的变量个数保持一致,,若无模板参数,则设置为空
    req.TemplateParamSet = ["8888"]
    # 下发手机号码,采用 E.164 标准,+[国家或地区码][手机号]
    # 示例如:+8613711112222, 其中前面有一个+号 ,86为国家码,13711112222为手机号,最多不要超过200个手机号
    req.PhoneNumberSet = ["+8618956847259"]
    # 用户的 session 内容(无需要可忽略): 可以携带用户侧 ID 等上下文信息,server 会原样返回
    req.SessionContext = ""
    # 短信码号扩展号(无需要可忽略): 默认未开通,如需开通请联系 [腾讯云短信小助手]
    req.ExtendCode = ""
    # 国际/港澳台短信 senderid(无需要可忽略): 国内短信填空,默认未开通,如需开通请联系 [腾讯云短信小助手]
    req.SenderId = ""

    resp = client.SendSms(req)

    # 输出json格式的字符串回包
    print(resp.to_json_string(indent=2))

    # 当出现以下错误码时,快速解决方案参考
    # - [FailedOperation.SignatureIncorrectOrUnapproved](https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/9558#.E7.9F.AD.E4.BF.A1.E5.8F.91.E9.80.81.E6.8F.90.E7.A4.BA.EF.BC.9Afailedoperation.signatureincorrectorunapproved-.E5.A6.82.E4.BD.95.E5.A4.84.E7.90.86.EF.BC.9F)
    # - [FailedOperation.TemplateIncorrectOrUnapproved](https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/9558#.E7.9F.AD.E4.BF.A1.E5.8F.91.E9.80.81.E6.8F.90.E7.A4.BA.EF.BC.9Afailedoperation.templateincorrectorunapproved-.E5.A6.82.E4.BD.95.E5.A4.84.E7.90.86.EF.BC.9F)
    # - [UnauthorizedOperation.SmsSdkAppIdVerifyFail](https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/9558#.E7.9F.AD.E4.BF.A1.E5.8F.91.E9.80.81.E6.8F.90.E7.A4.BA.EF.BC.9Aunauthorizedoperation.smssdkappidverifyfail-.E5.A6.82.E4.BD.95.E5.A4.84.E7.90.86.EF.BC.9F)
    # - [UnsupportedOperation.ContainDomesticAndInternationalPhoneNumber](https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/382/9558#.E7.9F.AD.E4.BF.A1.E5.8F.91.E9.80.81.E6.8F.90.E7.A4.BA.EF.BC.9Aunsupportedoperation.containdomesticandinternationalphonenumber-.E5.A6.82.E4.BD.95.E5.A4.84.E7.90.86.EF.BC.9F)
    # - 更多错误,可咨询[腾讯云助手](https://tccc.qcloud.com/web/im/index.html#/chat?webAppId=8fa15978f85cb41f7e2ea36920cb3ae1&title=Sms)

except TencentCloudSDKException as err:
    print(err)

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》
《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》
《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》
《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》
《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

4、发送短信接口

# 效果:
	get  携带手机号,就发送短信 ---》?phone=1828939944

添加路由 user/urls.py:

# 127.0.0.1:8000/api/v1/user/send/send_message/--->get
router.register('send', SendSmsView, 'send')

视图类添加 user/views.py::

from libs import tencent_sms_v3


class SendSmsView(ViewSet):
    @action(methods=['GET'], detail=False)
    def send_message(self, request):
        try:
            phone = request.query_params.get('phone')
            # 生成验证码
            code = tencent_sms_v3.get_code()
            # code要保存,否则后面没法验证
            res = tencent_sms_v3.send_sms(phone, code)
            if res:
                return APIResponse(msg='短信发送成功')
            else:
                raise APIException("短信发送失败")
        except Exception as e:
            raise APIException(str(e))

《前端登录注册页面、多方式登录功能、腾讯云短信发送功能二次封装(包)、发送短信接口》

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