【mq】从零开始实现 mq-03-引入 broker 中间人

前景回顾

【mq】从零开始实现 mq-01-生产者、消费者启动

【mq】从零开始实现 mq-02-如何实现生产者调用消费者?

【mq】从零开始实现 mq-03-引入 broker 中间人

上一节我们学习了如何实现生产者给消费者发送消息,但是是通过直连的方式。

那么如何才能达到解耦的效果呢?

答案就是引入 broker,消息的中间人。

《【mq】从零开始实现 mq-03-引入 broker 中间人》

MqBroker 实现

核心启动类

类似我们前面 consumer 的启动实现:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.core;

/**
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class MqBroker extends Thread implements IMqBroker {

    // 省略
    private ChannelHandler initChannelHandler() {
        MqBrokerHandler handler = new MqBrokerHandler();
        handler.setInvokeService(invokeService);
        handler.setRegisterConsumerService(registerConsumerService);
        handler.setRegisterProducerService(registerProducerService);
        handler.setMqBrokerPersist(mqBrokerPersist);
        handler.setBrokerPushService(brokerPushService);
        handler.setRespTimeoutMills(respTimeoutMills);

        return handler;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        // 启动服务端
        log.info("MQ 中间人开始启动服务端 port: {}", port);

        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();

        try {
            final ByteBuf delimiterBuf = DelimiterUtil.getByteBuf(DelimiterUtil.DELIMITER);
            ServerBootstrap serverBootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();
            serverBootstrap.group(workerGroup, bossGroup)
                    .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<Channel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(Channel ch) throws Exception {
                            ch.pipeline()
                                    .addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(DelimiterUtil.LENGTH, delimiterBuf))
                                    .addLast(initChannelHandler());
                        }
                    })
                    // 这个参数影响的是还没有被accept 取出的连接
                    .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128)
                    // 这个参数只是过一段时间内客户端没有响应,服务端会发送一个 ack 包,以判断客户端是否还活着。
                    .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true);

            // 绑定端口,开始接收进来的链接
            ChannelFuture channelFuture = serverBootstrap.bind(port).syncUninterruptibly();
            log.info("MQ 中间人启动完成,监听【" + port + "】端口");

            channelFuture.channel().closeFuture().syncUninterruptibly();
            log.info("MQ 中间人关闭完成");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("MQ 中间人启动异常", e);
            throw new MqException(BrokerRespCode.RPC_INIT_FAILED);
        } finally {
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

}

initChannelHandler 中有不少新面孔,我们后面会详细介绍。

MqBrokerHandler 处理逻辑

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.handler;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class MqBrokerHandler extends SimpleChannelInboundHandler {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(MqBrokerHandler.class);

    /**
     * 调用管理类
     * @since 1.0.0
     */
    private IInvokeService invokeService;

    /**
     * 消费者管理
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private IBrokerConsumerService registerConsumerService;

    /**
     * 生产者管理
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private IBrokerProducerService registerProducerService;

    /**
     * 持久化类
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private IMqBrokerPersist mqBrokerPersist;

    /**
     * 推送服务
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private IBrokerPushService brokerPushService;

    /**
     * 获取响应超时时间
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private long respTimeoutMills;

    //set 方法


    @Override
    protected void channelRead0(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
        ByteBuf byteBuf = (ByteBuf) msg;
        byte[] bytes = new byte[byteBuf.readableBytes()];
        byteBuf.readBytes(bytes);

        RpcMessageDto rpcMessageDto = null;
        try {
            rpcMessageDto = JSON.parseObject(bytes, RpcMessageDto.class);
        } catch (Exception exception) {
            log.error("RpcMessageDto json 格式转换异常 {}", new String(bytes));
            return;
        }

        if (rpcMessageDto.isRequest()) {
            MqCommonResp commonResp = this.dispatch(rpcMessageDto, ctx);

            if(commonResp == null) {
                log.debug("当前消息为 null,忽略处理。");
                return;
            }

            // 写回响应,和以前类似。     
            writeResponse(rpcMessageDto, commonResp, ctx);
        } else {
            final String traceId = rpcMessageDto.getTraceId();

            // 丢弃掉 traceId 为空的信息
            if(StringUtil.isBlank(traceId)) {
                log.debug("[Server Response] response traceId 为空,直接丢弃", JSON.toJSON(rpcMessageDto));
                return;
            }

            // 添加消息
            invokeService.addResponse(traceId, rpcMessageDto);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 异步处理消息
     * @param mqMessage 消息
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    private void asyncHandleMessage(MqMessage mqMessage) {
        List<Channel> channelList = registerConsumerService.getSubscribeList(mqMessage);
        if(CollectionUtil.isEmpty(channelList)) {
            log.info("监听列表为空,忽略处理");
            return;
        }

        BrokerPushContext brokerPushContext = new BrokerPushContext();
        brokerPushContext.setChannelList(channelList);
        brokerPushContext.setMqMessage(mqMessage);
        brokerPushContext.setMqBrokerPersist(mqBrokerPersist);
        brokerPushContext.setInvokeService(invokeService);
        brokerPushContext.setRespTimeoutMills(respTimeoutMills);

        brokerPushService.asyncPush(brokerPushContext);
    }
}

消息分发

broker 接收到消息以后,dispatch 实现如下:

/**
 * 消息的分发
 *
 * @param rpcMessageDto 入参
 * @param ctx 上下文
 * @return 结果
 */
private MqCommonResp dispatch(RpcMessageDto rpcMessageDto, ChannelHandlerContext ctx) {
    try {
        final String methodType = rpcMessageDto.getMethodType();
        final String json = rpcMessageDto.getJson();
        String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(ctx);
        final Channel channel = ctx.channel();
        log.debug("channelId: {} 接收到 method: {} 内容:{}", channelId,
                methodType, json);

        // 生产者注册
        if(MethodType.P_REGISTER.equals(methodType)) {
            BrokerRegisterReq registerReq = JSON.parseObject(json, BrokerRegisterReq.class);
            return registerProducerService.register(registerReq.getServiceEntry(), channel);
        }
        // 生产者注销
        if(MethodType.P_UN_REGISTER.equals(methodType)) {
            BrokerRegisterReq registerReq = JSON.parseObject(json, BrokerRegisterReq.class);
            return registerProducerService.unRegister(registerReq.getServiceEntry(), channel);
        }
        // 生产者消息发送
        if(MethodType.P_SEND_MSG.equals(methodType)) {
            MqMessage mqMessage = JSON.parseObject(json, MqMessage.class);
            MqMessagePersistPut persistPut = new MqMessagePersistPut();
            persistPut.setMqMessage(mqMessage);
            persistPut.setMessageStatus(MessageStatusConst.WAIT_CONSUMER);
            MqCommonResp commonResp = mqBrokerPersist.put(persistPut);
            this.asyncHandleMessage(mqMessage);
            return commonResp;
        }
        // 生产者消息发送-ONE WAY
        if(MethodType.P_SEND_MSG_ONE_WAY.equals(methodType)) {
            MqMessage mqMessage = JSON.parseObject(json, MqMessage.class);
            MqMessagePersistPut persistPut = new MqMessagePersistPut();
            persistPut.setMqMessage(mqMessage);
            persistPut.setMessageStatus(MessageStatusConst.WAIT_CONSUMER);
            mqBrokerPersist.put(persistPut);
            this.asyncHandleMessage(mqMessage);
            return null;
        }

        // 消费者注册
        if(MethodType.C_REGISTER.equals(methodType)) {
            BrokerRegisterReq registerReq = JSON.parseObject(json, BrokerRegisterReq.class);
            return registerConsumerService.register(registerReq.getServiceEntry(), channel);
        }
        // 消费者注销
        if(MethodType.C_UN_REGISTER.equals(methodType)) {
            BrokerRegisterReq registerReq = JSON.parseObject(json, BrokerRegisterReq.class);
            return registerConsumerService.unRegister(registerReq.getServiceEntry(), channel);
        }
        // 消费者监听注册
        if(MethodType.C_SUBSCRIBE.equals(methodType)) {
            ConsumerSubscribeReq req = JSON.parseObject(json, ConsumerSubscribeReq.class);
            return registerConsumerService.subscribe(req, channel);
        }
        // 消费者监听注销
        if(MethodType.C_UN_SUBSCRIBE.equals(methodType)) {
            ConsumerUnSubscribeReq req = JSON.parseObject(json, ConsumerUnSubscribeReq.class);
            return registerConsumerService.unSubscribe(req, channel);
        }

        // 消费者主动 pull
        if(MethodType.C_MESSAGE_PULL.equals(methodType)) {
            MqConsumerPullReq req = JSON.parseObject(json, MqConsumerPullReq.class);
            return mqBrokerPersist.pull(req, channel);
        }
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("暂不支持的方法类型");
    } catch (Exception exception) {
        log.error("执行异常", exception);
        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.FAIL.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.FAIL.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }
}

消息推送

this.asyncHandleMessage(mqMessage); 是 broker 接收到消息之后的处理逻辑。

/**
 * 异步处理消息
 * @param mqMessage 消息
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
private void asyncHandleMessage(MqMessage mqMessage) {
    List<Channel> channelList = registerConsumerService.getSubscribeList(mqMessage);
    if(CollectionUtil.isEmpty(channelList)) {
        log.info("监听列表为空,忽略处理");
        return;
    }

    BrokerPushContext brokerPushContext = new BrokerPushContext();
    brokerPushContext.setChannelList(channelList);
    brokerPushContext.setMqMessage(mqMessage);
    brokerPushContext.setMqBrokerPersist(mqBrokerPersist);
    brokerPushContext.setInvokeService(invokeService);
    brokerPushContext.setRespTimeoutMills(respTimeoutMills);
    brokerPushService.asyncPush(brokerPushContext);
}

推送的核心实现如下:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.support.push;

/**
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
public class BrokerPushService implements IBrokerPushService {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(BrokerPushService.class);

    private static final ExecutorService EXECUTOR_SERVICE = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();

    @Override
    public void asyncPush(final BrokerPushContext context) {
        EXECUTOR_SERVICE.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                log.info("开始异步处理 {}", JSON.toJSON(context));
                final List<Channel> channelList = context.getChannelList();
                final IMqBrokerPersist mqBrokerPersist = context.getMqBrokerPersist();
                final MqMessage mqMessage = context.getMqMessage();
                final String messageId = mqMessage.getTraceId();
                final IInvokeService invokeService = context.getInvokeService();
                final long responseTime = context.getRespTimeoutMills();

                for(Channel channel : channelList) {
                    try {
                        String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);

                        log.info("开始处理 channelId: {}", channelId);
                        //1. 调用
                        mqMessage.setMethodType(MethodType.B_MESSAGE_PUSH);
                        MqConsumerResultResp resultResp = callServer(channel, mqMessage,
                                MqConsumerResultResp.class, invokeService, responseTime);

                        //2. 更新状态
                        mqBrokerPersist.updateStatus(messageId, resultResp.getConsumerStatus());

                        //3. 后期添加重试策略

                        log.info("完成处理 channelId: {}", channelId);
                    } catch (Exception exception) {
                        log.error("处理异常");
                        mqBrokerPersist.updateStatus(messageId, ConsumerStatus.FAILED.getCode());
                    }
                }

                log.info("完成异步处理");
            }
        });
    }
}

此处在消息推送之后,需要更新消息的 ACK 状态。

消息生产者处理类

IBrokerProducerService 接口定义如下:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.api;

/**
 * <p> 生产者注册服务类 </p>
 *
 * @author houbinbin
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
public interface IBrokerProducerService {

    /**
     * 注册当前服务信息
     * (1)将该服务通过 {@link ServiceEntry#getGroupName()} 进行分组
     * 订阅了这个 serviceId 的所有客户端
     * @param serviceEntry 注册当前服务信息
     * @param channel channel
     * @since 0.0.8
     */
    MqCommonResp register(final ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel);

    /**
     * 注销当前服务信息
     * @param serviceEntry 注册当前服务信息
     * @param channel 通道
     * @since 0.0.8
     */
    MqCommonResp unRegister(final ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel);

    /**
     * 获取服务地址信息
     * @param channel channel
     * @return 结果
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    ServiceEntry getServiceEntry(final Channel channel);

}

实现如下:

本地基于 map 存储请求过来的基本信息。

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.support.api;

/**
 * <p> 生产者注册服务类 </p>
 *
 * @author houbinbin
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
public class LocalBrokerProducerService implements IBrokerProducerService {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(LocalBrokerProducerService.class);

    private final Map<String, BrokerServiceEntryChannel> registerMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp register(ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);
        BrokerServiceEntryChannel entryChannel = InnerChannelUtils.buildEntryChannel(serviceEntry, channel);
        registerMap.put(channelId, entryChannel);


        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp unRegister(ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);
        registerMap.remove(channelId);

        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public ServiceEntry getServiceEntry(Channel channel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);
        return registerMap.get(channelId);
    }

}

消息消费者处理类

接口定义如下:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.api;

/**
 * <p> 消费者注册服务类 </p>
 *
 * @author houbinbin
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
public interface IBrokerConsumerService {

    /**
     * 注册当前服务信息
     * (1)将该服务通过 {@link ServiceEntry#getGroupName()} 进行分组
     * 订阅了这个 serviceId 的所有客户端
     * @param serviceEntry 注册当前服务信息
     * @param channel channel
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp register(final ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel);

    /**
     * 注销当前服务信息
     * @param serviceEntry 注册当前服务信息
     * @param channel channel
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp unRegister(final ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel);

    /**
     * 监听服务信息
     * (1)监听之后,如果有任何相关的机器信息发生变化,则进行推送。
     * (2)内置的信息,需要传送 ip 信息到注册中心。
     *
     * @param serviceEntry 客户端明细信息
     * @param clientChannel 客户端 channel 信息
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp subscribe(final ConsumerSubscribeReq serviceEntry,
                   final Channel clientChannel);

    /**
     * 取消监听服务信息
     * (1)监听之后,如果有任何相关的机器信息发生变化,则进行推送。
     * (2)内置的信息,需要传送 ip 信息到注册中心。
     *
     * @param serviceEntry 客户端明细信息
     * @param clientChannel 客户端 channel 信息
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp unSubscribe(final ConsumerUnSubscribeReq serviceEntry,
                   final Channel clientChannel);

    /**
     * 获取所有匹配的消费者
     * 1. 同一个 groupName 只返回一个,注意负载均衡
     * 2. 返回匹配当前消息的消费者通道
     *
     * @param mqMessage 消息体
     * @return 结果
     */
    List<Channel> getSubscribeList(MqMessage mqMessage);

}

默认实现:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.support.api;

/**
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class LocalBrokerConsumerService implements IBrokerConsumerService {

    private final Map<String, BrokerServiceEntryChannel> registerMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    /**
     * 订阅集合
     * key: topicName
     * value: 对应的订阅列表
     */
    private final Map<String, Set<ConsumerSubscribeBo>> subscribeMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp register(ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);
        BrokerServiceEntryChannel entryChannel = InnerChannelUtils.buildEntryChannel(serviceEntry, channel);
        registerMap.put(channelId, entryChannel);

        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp unRegister(ServiceEntry serviceEntry, Channel channel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(channel);
        registerMap.remove(channelId);

        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp subscribe(ConsumerSubscribeReq serviceEntry, Channel clientChannel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(clientChannel);
        final String topicName = serviceEntry.getTopicName();

        Set<ConsumerSubscribeBo> set = subscribeMap.get(topicName);
        if(set == null) {
            set = new HashSet<>();
        }
        ConsumerSubscribeBo subscribeBo = new ConsumerSubscribeBo();
        subscribeBo.setChannelId(channelId);
        subscribeBo.setGroupName(serviceEntry.getGroupName());
        subscribeBo.setTopicName(topicName);
        subscribeBo.setTagRegex(serviceEntry.getTagRegex());
        set.add(subscribeBo);

        subscribeMap.put(topicName, set);

        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp unSubscribe(ConsumerUnSubscribeReq serviceEntry, Channel clientChannel) {
        final String channelId = ChannelUtil.getChannelId(clientChannel);
        final String topicName = serviceEntry.getTopicName();

        ConsumerSubscribeBo subscribeBo = new ConsumerSubscribeBo();
        subscribeBo.setChannelId(channelId);
        subscribeBo.setGroupName(serviceEntry.getGroupName());
        subscribeBo.setTopicName(topicName);
        subscribeBo.setTagRegex(serviceEntry.getTagRegex());

        // 集合
        Set<ConsumerSubscribeBo> set = subscribeMap.get(topicName);
        if(CollectionUtil.isNotEmpty(set)) {
            set.remove(subscribeBo);
        }

        MqCommonResp resp = new MqCommonResp();
        resp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        resp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return resp;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Channel> getSubscribeList(MqMessage mqMessage) {
        final String topicName = mqMessage.getTopic();
        Set<ConsumerSubscribeBo> set = subscribeMap.get(topicName);
        if(CollectionUtil.isEmpty(set)) {
            return Collections.emptyList();
        }

        //2. 获取匹配的 tag 列表
        final List<String> tagNameList = mqMessage.getTags();

        Map<String, List<ConsumerSubscribeBo>> groupMap = new HashMap<>();
        for(ConsumerSubscribeBo bo : set) {
            String tagRegex = bo.getTagRegex();

            if(hasMatch(tagNameList, tagRegex)) {
                //TODO: 这种设置模式,统一添加处理
                String groupName = bo.getGroupName();
                List<ConsumerSubscribeBo> list = groupMap.get(groupName);
                if(list == null) {
                    list = new ArrayList<>();
                }
                list.add(bo);

                groupMap.put(groupName, list);
            }
        }

        //3. 按照 groupName 分组之后,每一组只随机返回一个。最好应该调整为以 shardingkey 选择
        final String shardingKey = mqMessage.getShardingKey();
        List<Channel> channelList = new ArrayList<>();

        for(Map.Entry<String, List<ConsumerSubscribeBo>> entry : groupMap.entrySet()) {
            List<ConsumerSubscribeBo> list = entry.getValue();

            ConsumerSubscribeBo bo = RandomUtils.random(list, shardingKey);
            BrokerServiceEntryChannel entryChannel = registerMap.get(bo.getChannelId());
            channelList.add(entryChannel.getChannel());
        }

        return channelList;
    }

    private boolean hasMatch(List<String> tagNameList,
                             String tagRegex) {
        if(CollectionUtil.isEmpty(tagNameList)) {
            return false;
        }

        Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(tagRegex);

        for(String tagName : tagNameList) {
            if(RegexUtils.match(pattern, tagName)) {
                return true;
            }
        }

        return false;
    }

}

getSubscribeList 的逻辑可能稍微复杂点,其实就是消息过来,找到匹配的订阅消费者而已。

因为同一个 groupName 的消费者消息只消费一次,所以需要一次分组。

消息持久化

接口如下:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.support.persist;

/**
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
public interface IMqBrokerPersist {

    /**
     * 保存消息
     * @param mqMessage 消息
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp put(final MqMessagePersistPut mqMessage);

    /**
     * 更新状态
     * @param messageId 消息唯一标识
     * @param status 状态
     * @return 结果
     * @since 0.0.3
     */
    MqCommonResp updateStatus(final String messageId,
                              final String status);

    /**
     * 拉取消息
     * @param pull 拉取消息
     * @return 结果
     */
    MqConsumerPullResp pull(final MqConsumerPullReq pull, final Channel channel);

}

本地默认实现:

package com.github.houbb.mq.broker.support.persist;

/**
 * 本地持久化策略
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class LocalMqBrokerPersist implements IMqBrokerPersist {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(LocalMqBrokerPersist.class);

    /**
     * 队列
     * ps: 这里只是简化实现,暂时不考虑并发等问题。
     */
    private final Map<String, List<MqMessagePersistPut>> map = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    //1. 接收
    //2. 持久化
    //3. 通知消费
    @Override
    public synchronized MqCommonResp put(MqMessagePersistPut put) {
        log.info("put elem: {}", JSON.toJSON(put));

        MqMessage mqMessage = put.getMqMessage();
        final String topic = mqMessage.getTopic();

        List<MqMessagePersistPut> list = map.get(topic);
        if(list == null) {
            list = new ArrayList<>();
        }
        list.add(put);
        map.put(topic, list);

        MqCommonResp commonResp = new MqCommonResp();
        commonResp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        commonResp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return commonResp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqCommonResp updateStatus(String messageId, String status) {
        // 这里性能比较差,所以不可以用于生产。仅作为测试验证
        for(List<MqMessagePersistPut> list : map.values()) {
            for(MqMessagePersistPut put : list) {
                MqMessage mqMessage = put.getMqMessage();
                if(mqMessage.getTraceId().equals(messageId)) {
                    put.setMessageStatus(status);

                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        MqCommonResp commonResp = new MqCommonResp();
        commonResp.setRespCode(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode());
        commonResp.setRespMessage(MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getMsg());
        return commonResp;
    }

    @Override
    public MqConsumerPullResp pull(MqConsumerPullReq pull, Channel channel) {
        //TODO... 待实现
        return null;
    }

}

ps: 后续将会基于 springboot+mysql 进行持久化策略实现。

消费者启动调整

我们将生产者、消费者的启动都进行调整,连接到 broker 中。

二者是类似的,此处以消费者为例。

核心启动类

package com.github.houbb.mq.consumer.core;

/**
 * 推送消费策略
 *
 * @author binbin.hou
 * @since 1.0.0
 */
public class MqConsumerPush extends Thread implements IMqConsumer  {

    // 属性&设置

    @Override
    public void run() {
        // 启动服务端
        log.info("MQ 消费者开始启动服务端 groupName: {}, brokerAddress: {}",
                groupName, brokerAddress);

        //1. 参数校验
        this.paramCheck();

        try {
            // channel handler
            ChannelHandler channelHandler = this.initChannelHandler();

            //channel future
            this.channelFutureList = ChannelFutureUtils.initChannelFutureList(brokerAddress, channelHandler);

            // register to broker
            this.registerToBroker();

            // 标识为可用
            enableFlag = true;
            log.info("MQ 消费者启动完成");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("MQ 消费者启动异常", e);
            throw new MqException(ConsumerRespCode.RPC_INIT_FAILED);
        }
    }

    //订阅&取消订阅

    @Override
    public void registerListener(IMqConsumerListener listener) {
        this.mqListenerService.register(listener);
    }

}

初始化 handler

private ChannelHandler initChannelHandler() {
    final ByteBuf delimiterBuf = DelimiterUtil.getByteBuf(DelimiterUtil.DELIMITER);

    final MqConsumerHandler mqConsumerHandler = new MqConsumerHandler(invokeService, mqListenerService);
    // handler 实际上会被多次调用,如果不是 @Shareable,应该每次都重新创建。
    ChannelHandler handler = new ChannelInitializer<Channel>() {
        @Override
        protected void initChannel(Channel ch) throws Exception {
            ch.pipeline()
                    .addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(DelimiterUtil.LENGTH, delimiterBuf))
                    .addLast(mqConsumerHandler);
        }
    };

    return handler;
}

注册到服务端

/**
 * 注册到所有的服务端
 * @since 0.0.3
 */
private void registerToBroker() {
    for(RpcChannelFuture channelFuture : this.channelFutureList) {
        ServiceEntry serviceEntry = new ServiceEntry();
        serviceEntry.setGroupName(groupName);
        serviceEntry.setAddress(channelFuture.getAddress());
        serviceEntry.setPort(channelFuture.getPort());
        serviceEntry.setWeight(channelFuture.getWeight());

        BrokerRegisterReq brokerRegisterReq = new BrokerRegisterReq();
        brokerRegisterReq.setServiceEntry(serviceEntry);
        brokerRegisterReq.setMethodType(MethodType.C_REGISTER);
        brokerRegisterReq.setTraceId(IdHelper.uuid32());

        log.info("[Register] 开始注册到 broker:{}", JSON.toJSON(brokerRegisterReq));
        final Channel channel = channelFuture.getChannelFuture().channel();
        MqCommonResp resp = callServer(channel, brokerRegisterReq, MqCommonResp.class);
        log.info("[Register] 完成注册到 broker:{}", JSON.toJSON(resp));
    }
}

订阅与取消订阅

消费者对于关心的消息,实现也比较简单:

public void subscribe(String topicName, String tagRegex) {
    ConsumerSubscribeReq req = new ConsumerSubscribeReq();
    String messageId = IdHelper.uuid32();
    req.setTraceId(messageId);
    req.setMethodType(MethodType.C_SUBSCRIBE);
    req.setTopicName(topicName);
    req.setTagRegex(tagRegex);
    req.setGroupName(groupName);

    Channel channel = getChannel();

    MqCommonResp resp = callServer(channel, req, MqCommonResp.class);
    if(!MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode().equals(resp.getRespCode())) {
        throw new MqException(ConsumerRespCode.SUBSCRIBE_FAILED);
    }
}

取消订阅:

public void unSubscribe(String topicName, String tagRegex) {
    ConsumerUnSubscribeReq req = new ConsumerUnSubscribeReq();
    String messageId = IdHelper.uuid32();
    req.setTraceId(messageId);
    req.setMethodType(MethodType.C_UN_SUBSCRIBE);
    req.setTopicName(topicName);
    req.setTagRegex(tagRegex);
    req.setGroupName(groupName);

    Channel channel = getChannel();

    MqCommonResp resp = callServer(channel, req, MqCommonResp.class);
    if(!MqCommonRespCode.SUCCESS.getCode().equals(resp.getRespCode())) {
        throw new MqException(ConsumerRespCode.UN_SUBSCRIBE_FAILED);
    }
}

测试

broker 启动

MqBroker broker = new MqBroker();
broker.start();

启动日志:

[DEBUG] [2022-04-21 20:36:27.158] [main] [c.g.h.l.i.c.LogFactory.setImplementation] - Logging initialized using 'class com.github.houbb.log.integration.adaptors.stdout.StdOutExImpl' adapter.
[INFO] [2022-04-21 20:36:27.186] [Thread-0] [c.g.h.m.b.c.MqBroker.run] - MQ 中间人开始启动服务端 port: 9999
[INFO] [2022-04-21 20:36:29.060] [Thread-0] [c.g.h.m.b.c.MqBroker.run] - MQ 中间人启动完成,监听【9999】端口

consumer 启动

final MqConsumerPush mqConsumerPush = new MqConsumerPush();
mqConsumerPush.start();

mqConsumerPush.subscribe("TOPIC", "TAGA");
mqConsumerPush.registerListener(new IMqConsumerListener() {
    @Override
    public ConsumerStatus consumer(MqMessage mqMessage, IMqConsumerListenerContext context) {
        System.out.println("---------- 自定义 " + JSON.toJSONString(mqMessage));
        return ConsumerStatus.SUCCESS;
    }
});

启动日志:

...
[INFO] [2022-04-21 20:37:40.985] [Thread-0] [c.g.h.m.c.c.MqConsumerPush.registerToBroker] - [Register] 完成注册到 broker:{"respMessage":"成功","respCode":"0000"}

启动时会注册到 broker。

producer 启动

MqProducer mqProducer = new MqProducer();
mqProducer.start();
String message = "HELLO MQ!";
MqMessage mqMessage = new MqMessage();
mqMessage.setTopic("TOPIC");
mqMessage.setTags(Arrays.asList("TAGA", "TAGB"));
mqMessage.setPayload(message);

SendResult sendResult = mqProducer.send(mqMessage);

System.out.println(JSON.toJSON(sendResult));

日志:

...
[INFO] [2022-04-21 20:39:17.885] [Thread-0] [c.g.h.m.p.c.MqProducer.registerToBroker] - [Register] 完成注册到 broker:{"respMessage":"成功","respCode":"0000"}
...

此时消费者消费到我们发送的消息。

---------- 自定义 {"methodType":"B_MESSAGE_PUSH","payload":"HELLO MQ!","tags":["TAGA","TAGB"],"topic":"TOPIC","traceId":"2237bbfe55b842328134e6a100e36364"}

小结

到这里,我们就实现了基于中间人的生产者与消费者通讯。

希望本文对你有所帮助,如果喜欢,欢迎点赞收藏转发一波。

我是老马,期待与你的下次重逢。

开源地址

The message queue in java.(java 简易版本 mq 实现) https://github.com/houbb/mq

拓展阅读

rpc-从零开始实现 rpc https://github.com/houbb/rpc

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