【openstack】cloudkitty组件,入门级安装(快速)

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目录

前言

什么是CloudKitty?
CloudKitty是OpenStack等的评级即服务项目。该项目旨在成为云的退款和评级的通用解决方案。从历史上看,它只能在OpenStack上下文中运行它,但现在可以在独立模式下运行CloudKitty。

CloudKitty允许进行基于指标的评级:它轮询终端节点以检索有关特定指标的度量值和元数据,将评级规则应用于收集的数据,并将评级数据推送到其存储后端。

CloudKitty是高度模块化的,这使得添加新功能变得容易。

架构

CloudKitty可以分为四大部分:

  • Data retrieval (API) 数据检索
  • Data collection (cloudkitty-processor) 数据收集
  • Data rating 数据评级
  • Data storage 数据存储

这些部分由两个进程处理:和 。数据检索部分由进程处理,其他部分由 处理。cloudkitty-apicloudkitty-processorcloudkitty-apicloudkitty-processor

以下是 CloudKitty 架构的概述:
《【openstack】cloudkitty组件,入门级安装(快速)》

安装

yum install openstack-cloudkitty-api openstack-cloudkitty-processor openstack-cloudkitty-ui

配置

编辑/etc/cloudkitty/cloudkitty.conf以配置 CloudKitty

[DEFAULT]
verbose = True
log_dir = /var/log/cloudkitty

[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_userid = openstack
rabbit_password = RABBIT_PASSWORD
rabbit_hosts = RABBIT_HOST

[auth]
username = cloudkitty
password = CK_PASSWORD
tenant = service
region = RegionOne
url = http://localhost:5000/v2.0

[keystone_authtoken]
username = cloudkitty
password = CK_PASSWORD
project_name = service
region = RegionOne
auth_url = http://localhost:5000/v2.0
auth_plugin = password

[database]
connection = mysql://cloudkitty:CK_DBPASS@localhost/cloudkitty

[keystone_fetcher]
username = admin
password = ADMIN_PASSWORD
tenant = admin
region = RegionOne
url = http://localhost:5000/v2.0

[ceilometer_collector]
username = cloudkitty
password = CK_PASSWORD
tenant = service
region = RegionOne
url = http://localhost:5000

设置数据库和存储后端

[root@controller ~]# mysql -uroot -p000000
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 374
Server version: 10.1.20-MariaDB MariaDB Server
Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE cloudkitty;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cloudkitty.* TO 'cloudkitty'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '000000';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cloudkitty.* TO 'cloudkitty'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '000000';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

运行数据库同步脚本

[root@controller ~]# cloudkitty-dbsync upgrade
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Context impl MySQLImpl.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Will assume non-transactional DDL.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade  -> 464e951dc3b8, Initial migration
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 464e951dc3b8 -> 2ac2217dcbd9, Added support for meta collector
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 2ac2217dcbd9 -> 385e33fef139, Added priority to modules_state.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Context impl MySQLImpl.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Will assume non-transactional DDL.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade  -> 3dd7e13527f3, Initial migration
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 3dd7e13527f3 -> 4fa888fd7eda, Added threshold support.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 4fa888fd7eda -> 54cc17accf2c, Fixed constraint name.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 54cc17accf2c -> 10d2738b67df, Rename mapping table to hashmap_mappings.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 10d2738b67df -> f8c799db4aa0, Fix unnamed constraints.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade f8c799db4aa0 -> c88a06b1cfce, Clean hashmap fields constraints.
/usr/lib64/python2.7/site-packages/sqlalchemy/engine/default.py:507: Warning: Duplicate index `uniq_field_per_service`. This is deprecated and will be disallowed in a future release.
  cursor.execute(statement, parameters)
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade c88a06b1cfce -> 4da82e1c11c8, Add per tenant hashmap support
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Context impl MySQLImpl.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Will assume non-transactional DDL.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade  -> 4f9efa4601c0, Initial migration.

初始化存储后端

[root@controller ~]# cloudkitty-storage-init
No handlers could be found for logger "cloudkitty.utils"
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Context impl MySQLImpl.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Will assume non-transactional DDL.
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade  -> 17fd1b237aa3, Initial migration
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 17fd1b237aa3 -> 792b438b663, added tenant informations
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 792b438b663 -> 307430ab38bc, improve qty precision
INFO  [alembic.runtime.migration] Running upgrade 307430ab38bc -> c703a1bad612, improve_qty_digit

CloudKitty 使用 Keystone 进行身份验证,并提供rating服务。

[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain demo --password 000000 cloudkitty
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | d5db5c4ee4a14492b69408f63107d11f |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | f1dea9309b834edba3aa4c1b8607dc16 |
| name                | cloudkitty                       |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project service --user cloudkitty admin

对于应由 CloudKitty处理的每个租户,将rating角色赋予 cloudkitty :

[root@controller ~]# openstack role create rating
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | ee01d36a397b4b0ebcb579044c32a73c |
| name      | rating                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+

创建rating服务及其端点:

[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name cloudkitty --description "OpenStack rating" rating
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack rating                 |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 78f3d51cf74843cd8d325b790e0c2b1c |
| name        | cloudkitty                       |
| type        | rating                           |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating public http://controller:9292
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating internal http://controller:9292
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating admin http://controller:9292
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating public http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 48b75b9d2d764b56a5bee00ff75b03b1 |
| interface    | public                           |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 78f3d51cf74843cd8d325b790e0c2b1c |
| service_name | cloudkitty                       |
| service_type | rating                           |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating internal http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | b4f7fffa539441a68506db90b3ae89ce |
| interface    | internal                         |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 78f3d51cf74843cd8d325b790e0c2b1c |
| service_name | cloudkitty                       |
| service_type | rating                           |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne rating admin http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | a607a077f119417d9e650c16dcd61f10 |
| interface    | admin                            |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 78f3d51cf74843cd8d325b790e0c2b1c |
| service_name | cloudkitty                       |
| service_type | rating                           |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

启动

[root@controller ~]# systemctl start cloudkitty-processor.service
[root@controller ~]# cloudkitty-api -p 8889  #临时启动API
No handlers could be found for logger "cloudkitty.utils"
/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pecan/__init__.py:122: RuntimeWarning: `static_root` is only used when `debug` is True, ignoring
  RuntimeWarning
********************************************************************************
STARTING test server cloudkitty.api.app.build_wsgi_app
Available at http://controller:8889/
DANGER! For testing only, do not use in production
********************************************************************************
192.168.200.1 - - [29/Apr/2022 15:06:41] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 209

检索并安装 CloudKitty 的仪表板

git clone https://opendev.org/openstack/cloudkitty-dashboard.git

python setup.py install
yum install -y wget
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
yum -y install python-pip
PY_PACKAGES_PATH=`pip --version | cut -d' ' -f4`
ln -s $PY_PACKAGES_PATH/cloudkittydashboard/enabled/_[0-9]*.py /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/enabled/
[root@controller bin]# systemctl restart httpd.service memcached.service
    原文作者:小叶的技术Logs
    原文地址: https://www.cnblogs.com/yetechlog/p/16217194.html
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