利用apache ftpserver搭建ftp服务器

操作环境:

win2012r2 x64 datacenter

Apache FtpServer 1.2.0

Java SE Development Kit 8u333

commons-dbcp2-2.9.0.jar

commons-pool2-2.11.1.jar

mysql server 8.0.29

mysql-connector-java-8.0.29.jar

sqlite

sqlite-jdbc-3.36.0.3.jar

如下图:

《利用apache ftpserver搭建ftp服务器》

一、usermanager采用文件形式管理xml示例如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  <!--
    Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
    contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
    this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
    The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version
    2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
    with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by
    applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the
    License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR
    CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for
    the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the
    License.
  -->
<server xmlns="http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="
     http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1 https://mina.apache.org/ftpserver-project/ftpserver-1.0.xsd  
     "
  id="myServer">
  <listeners>
    <nio-listener name="default" port="21">
        <ssl>
                <keystore file="./res/ftpserver.jks" password="password" />
            </ssl>
    </nio-listener>
  </listeners>
  <file-user-manager file="./res/conf/users.properties" />
</server>

二、usermanager采用mysql数据库管理用户时,ftpd-mysql.xml示例如下

目前数据库管理用户时采用的明文存储,salted和md5的方式没有测试成功,如有测试成功的朋友请指导一下。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!-- Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor 
    license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional 
    information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to 
    you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use 
    this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of 
    the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required 
    by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the 
    License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS 
    OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific 
    language governing permissions and limitations under the License. -->
<server xmlns="http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:beans="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
           http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1
           http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/ftpserver-1.0.xsd
           "
    id="myServer">
    <listeners>
        <nio-listener name="default" port="21">
            <ssl>
                <keystore file="./res/ftpserver.jks" password="password" />
            </ssl>
        </nio-listener>
    </listeners>
    <db-user-manager encrypt-passwords="clear">
        <data-source>
            <beans:bean class="org.apache.commons.dbcp2.BasicDataSource">
                <beans:property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
                <beans:property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost/ftpserver" />
                <beans:property name="username" value="root" />
                <beans:property name="password" value="123456" />
            </beans:bean>
        </data-source>
        <insert-user>INSERT INTO FTP_USER (userid, userpassword,
            homedirectory, enableflag, writepermission, idletime, uploadrate,
            downloadrate) VALUES ('{userid}', '{userpassword}',
            '{homedirectory}',
            {enableflag}, {writepermission}, {idletime},
            {uploadrate},
            {downloadrate})
        </insert-user>
        <update-user>UPDATE FTP_USER SET
            userpassword='{userpassword}',homedirectory='{homedirectory}',enableflag={enableflag},writepermission={writepermission},idletime={idletime},uploadrate={uploadrate},downloadrate={downloadrate}
            WHERE userid='{userid}'
        </update-user>
        <delete-user>DELETE FROM FTP_USER WHERE userid = '{userid}'
        </delete-user>
        <select-user>SELECT userid, userpassword, homedirectory,
            enableflag, writepermission, idletime, uploadrate, downloadrate,
            maxloginnumber, maxloginperip FROM
            FTP_USER WHERE userid = '{userid}'
        </select-user>
        <select-all-users>
            SELECT userid FROM FTP_USER ORDER BY userid
        </select-all-users>
        <is-admin>SELECT userid FROM FTP_USER WHERE userid='{userid}'
            AND
            userid='admin'
        </is-admin>
        <authenticate>SELECT userpassword from FTP_USER WHERE
            userid='{userid}'
        </authenticate>
    </db-user-manager>
</server>

注意:org.apache.commons.dbcp2.BasicDataSource,看最新的commons.dbcp命名空间和1.x版本有区别

三、usermanager采用Sqlite数据库管理用户时,ftpd-sqlite.xml示例如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!-- Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor 
    license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional 
    information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to 
    you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use 
    this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of 
    the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required 
    by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the 
    License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS 
    OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific 
    language governing permissions and limitations under the License. -->
<server xmlns="http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:beans="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
           http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/spring/v1
           http://mina.apache.org/ftpserver/ftpserver-1.0.xsd
           "
    id="myServer">
    <listeners>
        <nio-listener name="default" port="21">
            <ssl>
                <keystore file="./res/ftpserver.jks" password="password" />
            </ssl>
        </nio-listener>
    </listeners>
    <db-user-manager encrypt-passwords="clear">
        <data-source>
            <beans:bean class="org.apache.commons.dbcp2.BasicDataSource">
                <beans:property name="driverClassName" value="org.sqlite.JDBC" />
                <beans:property name="url" value="jdbc:sqlite:ftp.db" />
            </beans:bean>
        </data-source>
        <insert-user>INSERT INTO FTP_USER (userid, userpassword,
            homedirectory, enableflag, writepermission, idletime, uploadrate,
            downloadrate) VALUES ('{userid}', '{userpassword}',
            '{homedirectory}',
            {enableflag}, {writepermission}, {idletime},
            {uploadrate},
            {downloadrate})
        </insert-user>
        <update-user>UPDATE FTP_USER SET
            userpassword='{userpassword}',homedirectory='{homedirectory}',enableflag={enableflag},writepermission={writepermission},idletime={idletime},uploadrate={uploadrate},downloadrate={downloadrate}
            WHERE userid='{userid}'
        </update-user>
        <delete-user>DELETE FROM FTP_USER WHERE userid = '{userid}'
        </delete-user>
        <select-user>SELECT userid, userpassword, homedirectory,
            enableflag, writepermission, idletime, uploadrate, downloadrate,
            maxloginnumber, maxloginperip FROM
            FTP_USER WHERE userid = '{userid}'
        </select-user>
        <select-all-users>
            SELECT userid FROM FTP_USER ORDER BY userid
        </select-all-users>
        <is-admin>SELECT userid FROM FTP_USER WHERE userid='{userid}'
            AND
            userid='admin'
        </is-admin>
        <authenticate>SELECT userpassword from FTP_USER WHERE
            userid='{userid}'
        </authenticate>
    </db-user-manager>
</server>

注意:commons的jar包还保留着,多了个操作sqlitejdbc的jar包,下载地址:GitHub – xerial/sqlite-jdbc: SQLite JDBC Driver

四、解决ftpd.exe在64位windows系统启动失败的问题

需下载tomcat包,目前测试的这个版本可行tomcat-7 v7.0.109 (apache.org)

《利用apache ftpserver搭建ftp服务器》

放入apache ftpserver bin目录里替换原有的ftpd.exe

这样安装为服务的时候就可以正常启动了

五、python操作sqlite的ftp.db管理(增加删除)用户

自己搞了个python脚本,采用了sqlalchemy来操作数据库

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy import MetaData,Table,Column,Boolean,Integer,String
import os

engine=create_engine('sqlite:///ftp.db')
conn=engine.connect()

metadata=MetaData()

ftpusers=Table('FTP_USER',metadata,
    Column('userid',String(64),primary_key=True),
    Column('userpassword',String(64),nullable=False),
    Column('homedirectory',String(128),nullable=False),
    Column('enableflag',Boolean(),default=True),
    Column('writepermission',Boolean(),default=True),
    Column('idletime',Integer(),default=0),
    Column('uploadrate',Integer(),default=0),
    Column('downloadrate',Integer(),default=0),
    Column('maxloginnumber',Integer(),default=0),
    Column('maxloginperip',Integer(),default=0)
)

metadata.create_all(engine)

def addgeneraluser():

	deluser = ftpusers.delete().where(ftpusers.c.userid=="nic")
	rs = conn.execute(deluser)

	dirname="./files/alluser"
	if not os.path.exists(dirname):
		os.mkdir(dirname)

	ins=ftpusers.insert().values(
		userid="nic",
		userpassword="123321",
		homedirectory=dirname,
		writepermission=0,
		maxloginnumber=1
	)

	result=conn.execute(ins)

def addadmin():
	deladmin = ftpusers.delete().where(ftpusers.c.userid=="admin")
	rs = conn.execute(deladmin)

	ins=ftpusers.insert().values(
		userid="admin",
		userpassword="123456",
		homedirectory="./files",
		writepermission=1
	)

	result=conn.execute(ins)

def getusers():
	sel=ftpusers.select()
	rs=conn.execute(sel)
	print(rs.fetchall())
	
addgeneraluser()
getusers()

可以方便的增加用户了,generaluser只读权限只能同时登录一个,admin权限可读写,不限制。

    原文作者:逆水寒龙
    原文地址: https://www.cnblogs.com/24la/p/apache-ftpserver-mysql-sqlite-file-method.html
    本文转自网络文章,转载此文章仅为分享知识,如有侵权,请联系博主进行删除。
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