C语言实现计算文件和字符串md5值

一、命令介绍

        下面的源码md5.c,通过gcc编译后,就可得到一个md5的二进制命令,通过该命令可以计算某文件或字符串的md5值。

        命令格式为:

        md5 -E [Encode Type] -S [Encode Source]

        如:md5 -E file -S  “tmp/img.bin””

二、md5.c源文件:

/* MD5lib.h - md5 library
 */

/* Copyright (C) 1990-2, RSA Data Security, Inc. Created 1990. All
rights reserved.

RSA Data Security, Inc. makes no representations concerning either
the merchantability of this software or the suitability of this
software for any particular purpose. It is provided "as is"
without express or implied warranty of any kind.

These notices must be retained in any copies of any part of this
documentation and/or software.
 */

/* The following makes MD default to MD5 if it has not already been
  defined with C compiler flags.
 */


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <error.h>
#include <time.h>


#define SUCCESS     0
#define FAIL        -1

#define MD 5

/* GLOBAL.H - RSAREF types and constants
 */

/* PROTOTYPES should be set to one if and only if the compiler supports
  function argument prototyping.
  The following makes PROTOTYPES default to 0 if it has not already
  been defined with C compiler flags.
 */
#ifndef PROTOTYPES
#define PROTOTYPES 0
#endif

/* POINTER defines a generic pointer type */
typedef unsigned char *POINTER;

/* UINT2 defines a two byte word */
typedef unsigned short int UINT2;

/* UINT4 defines a four byte word */
typedef unsigned long int UINT4;

/* PROTO_LIST is defined depending on how PROTOTYPES is defined above.
If using PROTOTYPES, then PROTO_LIST returns the list, otherwise it
  returns an empty list.
 */
#if PROTOTYPES
#define PROTO_LIST(list) list
#else
#define PROTO_LIST(list) ()
#endif


/* Length of test block, number of test blocks.
*/
#define TEST_BLOCK_LEN 1000
#define TEST_BLOCK_COUNT 1000



/* Constants for MD5Transform routine.
 */
#define S11 7
#define S12 12
#define S13 17
#define S14 22
#define S21 5
#define S22 9
#define S23 14
#define S24 20
#define S31 4
#define S32 11
#define S33 16
#define S34 23
#define S41 6
#define S42 10
#define S43 15
#define S44 21

char* MDString PROTO_LIST ((char *));
char* MDFile PROTO_LIST ((char *));
char* hmac_md5(char* text, char* key);

typedef struct
{
    UINT4 state[4];                                   /* state (ABCD) */
    UINT4 count[2];        /* number of bits, modulo 2^64 (lsb first) */
    unsigned char buffer[64];                         /* input buffer */
} MD5_CTX;

/*void MD5Init PROTO_LIST ((MD5_CTX *));
void MD5Update PROTO_LIST
  ((MD5_CTX *, unsigned char *, unsigned int));
void MD5Final PROTO_LIST ((unsigned char [16], MD5_CT X *));

static void MD5Transform PROTO_LIST ((UINT4 [4], unsigned char [64]));
static void Encode PROTO_LIST
  ((unsigned char *, UINT4 *, unsigned int));
static void Decode PROTO_LIST
  ((UINT4 *, unsigned char *, unsigned int));
static void MD5_memcpy PROTO_LIST ((POINTER, POINTER, unsigned int));
static void MD5_memset PROTO_LIST ((POINTER, int, unsigned int));
*/
static unsigned char PADDING[64] =
{
    0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};

/* F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions.
 */
#define F(x, y, z) (((x) & (y)) | ((~x) & (z)))
#define G(x, y, z) (((x) & (z)) | ((y) & (~z)))
#define H(x, y, z) ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z))
#define I(x, y, z) ((y) ^ ((x) | (~z)))

/* ROTATE_LEFT rotates x left n bits.
 */
#define ROTATE_LEFT(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((x) >> (32-(n))))

/* FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation.
 */
#define FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {(a)+=F((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (UINT4)(ac);(a)= ROTATE_LEFT((a),(s)); (a)+=(b);}
#define GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {(a) += G ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (UINT4)(ac);(a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b);}
#define HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {(a) += H ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (UINT4)(ac);(a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b);}
#define II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {(a) += I ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (UINT4)(ac);(a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b);}

void MD5Init (MD5_CTX *context);
void MD5Update(MD5_CTX *context, unsigned char *input,unsigned int inputLen);

void MD5Final (unsigned char digest[16], MD5_CTX *context);
static void help(void);
static void MD5Transform  (UINT4 [4], unsigned char [64]) ;
static void Encode(unsigned char *, UINT4 *, unsigned int);
static void Decode (UINT4 *, unsigned char *, unsigned int);
static void MD5_memcpy(POINTER, POINTER, unsigned int);
static void MD5_memset(POINTER, int, unsigned int);

/* MD5 initialization. Begins an MD5 operation, writing a new context.
 */
void MD5Init (MD5_CTX *context)
/* context */
{
    context->count[0] = context->count[1] = 0;
    /* Load magic initialization constants.
    */
    context->state[0] = 0x67452301;
    context->state[1] = 0xefcdab89;
    context->state[2] = 0x98badcfe;
    context->state[3] = 0x10325476;
}

/* MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest
  operation, processing another message block, and updating the
  context.
 */
void MD5Update (MD5_CTX *context, unsigned char *input,unsigned int inputLen  )
/* context */
/* input block */
/* length of input block */
{
    unsigned int i, index, partLen;

    /* Compute number of bytes mod 64 */
    index = (unsigned int)((context->count[0] >> 3) & 0x3F);

    /* Update number of bits */
    if ((context->count[0] += ((UINT4)inputLen << 3))
            < ((UINT4)inputLen << 3))
        context->count[1]++;
    context->count[1] += ((UINT4)inputLen >> 29);

    partLen = 64 - index;

    /* Transform as many times as possible.
    */
    if (inputLen >= partLen)
    {
        MD5_memcpy
        ((POINTER)&context->buffer[index], (POINTER)input, partLen);
        MD5Transform (context->state, context->buffer);

        for (i = partLen; i + 63 < inputLen; i += 64)
            MD5Transform (context->state, &input[i]);

        index = 0;
    }
    else
        i = 0;

    /* Buffer remaining input */
    MD5_memcpy
    ((POINTER)&context->buffer[index], (POINTER)&input[i],
     inputLen-i);
}

/* MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-digest operation, writing the
  the message digest and zeroizing the context.
 */
void MD5Final (unsigned char digest[16], MD5_CTX *context)
/* message digest */
/* context */
{
    unsigned char bits[8];
    unsigned int index, padLen;

    /* Save number of bits */
    Encode (bits, context->count, 8);

    /* Pad out to 56 mod 64.
    */
    index = (unsigned int)((context->count[0] >> 3) & 0x3f);
    padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 - index) : (120 - index);
    MD5Update (context,(unsigned char*) PADDING, padLen);

    /* Append length (before padding) */
    MD5Update (context, bits, 8);
    /* Store state in digest */
    Encode (digest, context->state, 16);

    /* Zeroize sensitive information.
    */
    MD5_memset ((POINTER)context, 0, sizeof (*context));
}

/* MD5 basic transformation. Transforms state based on block.
 */
static void MD5Transform (UINT4 state[4],
                          unsigned char block[64])

{
    int i=0;

    UINT4 a = state[0], b = state[1], c = state[2], d = state[3], x[16];

    Decode (x, block, 64);

    /* Round 1 */
    FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
    FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
    FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
    FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
    FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
    FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
    FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
    FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
    FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
    FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
    FF (c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
    FF (b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
    FF (a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
    FF (d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
    FF (c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
    FF (b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

    /* Round 2 */
    GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
    GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
    GG (c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
    GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
    GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
    GG (d, a, b, c, x[10], S22, 0x02441453); /* 22 */
    GG (c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
    GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
    GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
    GG (d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
    GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
    GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
    GG (a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
    GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
    GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
    GG (b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

    /* Round 3 */
    HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
    HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
    HH (c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
    HH (b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
    HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
    HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
    HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
    HH (b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
    HH (a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
    HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
    HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
    HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34, 0x04881d05); /* 44 */
    HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
    HH (d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
    HH (c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
    HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

    /* Round 4 */
    II (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
    II (d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
    II (c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
    II (b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
    II (a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
    II (d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
    II (c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
    II (b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
    II (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
    II (d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
    II (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
    II (b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
    II (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
    II (d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
    II (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
    II (b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */

    state[0] += a;
    state[1] += b;
    state[2] += c;
    state[3] += d;

    /* Zeroize sensitive information.
    */
    MD5_memset ((POINTER)x, 0, sizeof (x));
}

/* Encodes input (UINT4) into output (unsigned char). Assumes len is
  a multiple of 4.
 */
static void Encode (unsigned char *output,
                    UINT4 *input,
                    unsigned int len)

{
    unsigned int i, j;

    for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4)
    {
        output[j] = (unsigned char)(input[i] & 0xff);
        output[j+1] = (unsigned char)((input[i] >> 8) & 0xff);
        output[j+2] = (unsigned char)((input[i] >> 16) & 0xff);
        output[j+3] = (unsigned char)((input[i] >> 24) & 0xff);
    }
}

/* Decodes input (unsigned char) into output (UINT4). Assumes len is
  a multiple of 4.
 */
static void Decode (UINT4 *output,
                    unsigned char *input,
                    unsigned int len)

{
    unsigned int i, j;

    for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4)
        output[i] = ((UINT4)input[j]) | (((UINT4)input[j+1]) << 8) |
                    (((UINT4)input[j+2]) << 16) | (((UINT4)input[j+3]) << 24);
}

/* Note: Replace "for loop" with standard memcpy if possible.
 */

static void MD5_memcpy (POINTER output,
                        POINTER input,
                        unsigned int len)

{
    unsigned int i;

    for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
        output[i] = input[i];
}

/* Note: Replace "for loop" with standard memset if possible.
 */
static void MD5_memset (POINTER output,
                        int value,
                        unsigned int len)

{
    unsigned int i;

    for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
        ((char *)output)[i] = (char)value;
}

/* Digests a string and prints the result.
 */
char* MDString (char *string)

{
    MD5_CTX context;
    unsigned char digest[16];
    char output1[32];
    static  char output[33]= {""};
    unsigned int len = strlen (string);
    int i;
    MD5Init (&context);
    MD5Update (&context, (unsigned char*)string, len);
    MD5Final (digest, &context);

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        sprintf(&(output1[2*i]),"%02x",(unsigned char)digest[i]);
        sprintf(&(output1[2*i+1]),"%02x",(unsigned char)(digest[i]<<4));
    }
    for(i=0; i<32; i++)
        output[i]=output1[i];
    return output;
}


/* Digests a file and prints the result.
 */
char* MDFile (char *filename)
{
    static char output[33]= {""};
    FILE *file;
    MD5_CTX context;
    int len;
    unsigned char buffer[1024], digest[16];
    int i;
    char output1[32];
    if ((file = fopen (filename, "rb")) == NULL)
    {
        printf("%s can't be opened   ", filename);
        return 0;
    }
    else
    {
        MD5Init (&context);
        while (len = fread (buffer, 1, 1024, file))
            MD5Update (&context, buffer, len);
        MD5Final (digest, &context);
        fclose (file);
        for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
        {
            sprintf(&(output1[2*i]),"%02x",(unsigned char)digest[i]);
            sprintf(&(output1[2*i+1]),"%02x",(unsigned char)(digest[i]<<4));
        }
        for(i=0; i<32; i++)
            output[i]=output1[i];
        return output;
    }
}

char* hmac_md5(char* text,char*  key)
{
    char   digest[16];
    char   output1[32];
    static char output[33]= {""};
    MD5_CTX context;
    unsigned char k_ipad[65];    /* inner padding -
                                      * key XORd with ipad
                                      */
    unsigned char k_opad[65];    /* outer padding -
                                      * key XORd with opad
                                      */
    unsigned char tk[16];
    int i;
    int text_len = strlen (text);
    int key_len=strlen(key);
    /* if key is longer than 64 bytes reset it to key=MD5(key) */
    if (key_len > 64)
    {

        MD5_CTX      tctx;

        MD5Init(&tctx);
        MD5Update(&tctx,(unsigned char*) key, key_len);
        MD5Final(tk, &tctx);

        key = (char*)tk;
        key_len = 16;
    }

    /*
     * the HMAC_MD5 transform looks like:
     *
     * MD5(K XOR opad, MD5(K XOR ipad, text))
     *
     * where K is an n byte key
     * ipad is the byte 0x36 repeated 64 times
     * opad is the byte 0x5c repeated 64 times
     * and text is the data being protected
     */

    /* start out by storing key in pads */

    /*bzero( k_ipad, sizeof k_ipad);
      bzero( k_opad, sizeof k_opad);
    */

    for(i=0; i<65; i++)
        k_ipad[i]=(unsigned char)0;
    for(i=0; i<65; i++)
        k_opad[i]=(unsigned char)0;

    /*bcopy( key, k_ipad, key_len);
      bcopy( key, k_opad, key_len);
     */
    for(i=0; i<key_len; i++)
    {
        k_ipad[i]=(unsigned char)key[i];
        k_opad[i]=(unsigned char)key[i];
    }

    /* XOR key with ipad and opad values */
    for (i=0; i<64; i++)
    {
        k_ipad[i] ^= 0x36;
        k_opad[i] ^= 0x5c;
    }
    /*
     * perform inner MD5
     */
    MD5Init(&context);                   /* init context for 1st
                                              * pass */
    MD5Update(&context, k_ipad, 64);      /* start with inner pad */
    MD5Update(&context, (unsigned char*)text, text_len); /* then text of datagram

*/
    MD5Final((unsigned char*)digest, &context);          /* finish up 1st pass */
    /*
     * perform outer MD5
     */
    MD5Init(&context);                   /* init context for 2nd
                                              * pass */
    MD5Update(&context, k_opad, 64);     /* start with outer pad */
    MD5Update(&context,(unsigned char*) digest, 16);     /* then results of 1st
                                              * hash */
    MD5Final((unsigned char*)digest, &context);          /* finish up 2nd pass */
    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        sprintf(&(output1[2*i]),"%02x",(unsigned char)digest[i]);
        sprintf(&(output1[2*i+1]),"%02x",(unsigned char)(digest[i]<<4));
    }
    for(i=0; i<32; i++)
        output[i]=output1[i];
    return output;
}


int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    char            input_str_p[1024];
    char            *md5_value_p = NULL;

    int             ch = 0;
    int             res = FAIL;
    unsigned int    encode_file_flag = 0;

    if(4 >= argc)
    {
        help();
        return FAIL;
    }

    memset(input_str_p, '\0', sizeof (input_str_p));

    while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, ":E:S:")) != -1)
    {
        switch (ch)
        {
            /* for Encode type, String for string only, File for Encode string. */
        case 'E':
            if (0 == strcmp("file", optarg) || 0 == strcmp("File", optarg) || 0 == strcmp("FILE", optarg))
            {
                encode_file_flag = 1;
            }
            break;
        case 'S':
        {
            if (0 <= strlen)
            {
                strcpy(input_str_p, optarg);
            }
            else
            {
                printf("Nothing to Encode\n");
                return FAIL;
            }
        }
        break;
        default:
            help();
            return FAIL;
        }
    }

    /* For Encode the File. */
    if (encode_file_flag)
    {
        md5_value_p = MDFile(input_str_p);
        if (NULL != md5_value_p)
        {
            printf("%s\n", md5_value_p);
            return SUCCESS;
        }

        printf("Encode Failed \n");
    }

    /* For Encode the string input by usr only. */
    else
    {
        md5_value_p = MDString(input_str_p);
        if (NULL != md5_value_p)
        {
            printf("%s\n", md5_value_p);
            return SUCCESS;
        }

        printf("Encode Failed \n");
    }

}

static void help(void)
{
    printf("\n#######################################################################################\n");
    printf("#\n");
    printf("# Usage: md5 -E [Encode Type] -S [Encode Source]\n");
    printf("#\n");
    printf("# -E [Encode Type], Type of the source to Encode.\n");
    printf("#   FILE|File|file for File, Otherwise for string.\n");
    printf("#\n");
    printf("# -S [Encode Source], Source to Encode.\n");
    printf("#   A file to Encode, Path input please, Otherwise, Encode the string input.\n");
    printf("#\n");
    printf("#######################################################################################\n\n");

}

    原文作者:satellite13
    原文地址: https://blog.csdn.net/u013485792/article/details/52233603
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