如何在Vscode连接远程服务器时做可视化——Vscode插件Python Image Preview介绍

Intro

最近用vscode连接远程服务器在做attention可视化时遇到了一些困难,但偶然发现一个好用的插件可以在调试中显示实验中需要观察的图像。这个插件支持numpy pillow opencv-python matplotlib seaborn plotly imageio skimage tensorflow pytorch等library的可显示为图像的变量。这里以matplotlib官方的一个热力图例程为例,来展示如何使用Python Image Preview插件在远程调试时查看绘制的实验图像。

插件使用流程

可视化文件编写

首先编写文件DrawHeatMap.py

import numpy as np
import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
def heatmap(data, row_labels, col_labels, ax=None,
            cbar_kw={}, cbarlabel="", **kwargs):
    """
    Create a heatmap from a numpy array and two lists of labels.

    Parameters
    ----------
    data
        A 2D numpy array of shape (M, N).
    row_labels
        A list or array of length M with the labels for the rows.
    col_labels
        A list or array of length N with the labels for the columns.
    ax
        A `matplotlib.axes.Axes` instance to which the heatmap is plotted.  If
        not provided, use current axes or create a new one.  Optional.
    cbar_kw
        A dictionary with arguments to `matplotlib.Figure.colorbar`.  Optional.
    cbarlabel
        The label for the colorbar.  Optional.
    **kwargs
        All other arguments are forwarded to `imshow`.
    """

    if not ax:
        ax = plt.gca()

    # Plot the heatmap
    im = ax.imshow(data, **kwargs)

    # Create colorbar
    cbar = ax.figure.colorbar(im, ax=ax, **cbar_kw)
    cbar.ax.set_ylabel(cbarlabel, rotation=-90, va="bottom")

    # Show all ticks and label them with the respective list entries.
    ax.set_xticks(np.arange(data.shape[1]), labels=col_labels)
    ax.set_yticks(np.arange(data.shape[0]), labels=row_labels)

    # Let the horizontal axes labeling appear on top.
    ax.tick_params(top=True, bottom=False,
                   labeltop=True, labelbottom=False)

    # Rotate the tick labels and set their alignment.
    plt.setp(ax.get_xticklabels(), rotation=-30, ha="right",
             rotation_mode="anchor")

    # Turn spines off and create white grid.
    ax.spines[:].set_visible(False)

    ax.set_xticks(np.arange(data.shape[1]+1)-.5, minor=True)
    ax.set_yticks(np.arange(data.shape[0]+1)-.5, minor=True)
    ax.grid(which="minor", color="w", linestyle='-', linewidth=3)
    ax.tick_params(which="minor", bottom=False, left=False)

    return im, cbar


def annotate_heatmap(im, data=None, valfmt="{x:.2f}",
                     textcolors=("black", "white"),
                     threshold=None, **textkw):
    """
    A function to annotate a heatmap.

    Parameters
    ----------
    im
        The AxesImage to be labeled.
    data
        Data used to annotate.  If None, the image's data is used.  Optional.
    valfmt
        The format of the annotations inside the heatmap.  This should either
        use the string format method, e.g. "$ {x:.2f}", or be a
        `matplotlib.ticker.Formatter`.  Optional.
    textcolors
        A pair of colors.  The first is used for values below a threshold,
        the second for those above.  Optional.
    threshold
        Value in data units according to which the colors from textcolors are
        applied.  If None (the default) uses the middle of the colormap as
        separation.  Optional.
    **kwargs
        All other arguments are forwarded to each call to `text` used to create
        the text labels.
    """

    if not isinstance(data, (list, np.ndarray)):
        data = im.get_array()

    # Normalize the threshold to the images color range.
    if threshold is not None:
        threshold = im.norm(threshold)
    else:
        threshold = im.norm(data.max())/2.

    # Set default alignment to center, but allow it to be
    # overwritten by textkw.
    kw = dict(horizontalalignment="center",
              verticalalignment="center")
    kw.update(textkw)

    # Get the formatter in case a string is supplied
    if isinstance(valfmt, str):
        valfmt = matplotlib.ticker.StrMethodFormatter(valfmt)

    # Loop over the data and create a `Text` for each "pixel".
    # Change the text's color depending on the data.
    texts = []
    for i in range(data.shape[0]):
        for j in range(data.shape[1]):
            kw.update(color=textcolors[int(im.norm(data[i, j]) > threshold)])
            text = im.axes.text(j, i, valfmt(data[i, j], None), **kw)
            texts.append(text)

    return texts

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
vegetables = ["cucumber", "tomato", "lettuce", "asparagus",
              "potato", "wheat", "barley"]
farmers = ["Farmer Joe", "Upland Bros.", "Smith Gardening",
           "Agrifun", "Organiculture", "BioGoods Ltd.", "Cornylee Corp."]

harvest = np.array([[0.8, 2.4, 2.5, 3.9, 0.0, 4.0, 0.0],
                    [2.4, 0.0, 4.0, 1.0, 2.7, 0.0, 0.0],
                    [1.1, 2.4, 0.8, 4.3, 1.9, 4.4, 0.0],
                    [0.6, 0.0, 0.3, 0.0, 3.1, 0.0, 0.0],
                    [0.7, 1.7, 0.6, 2.6, 2.2, 6.2, 0.0],
                    [1.3, 1.2, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 3.2, 5.1],
                    [0.1, 2.0, 0.0, 1.4, 0.0, 1.9, 6.3]])
im, cbar = heatmap(harvest, vegetables, farmers, ax=ax,
                   cmap="RdYlBu_r", cbarlabel="harvest [t/year]")
texts = annotate_heatmap(im, valfmt="{x:.1f} t")

fig.tight_layout()
plt.show()

打断点开始调试

将断点打到文件的最后一行,点击左侧debug的绿色箭头开始调试
《如何在Vscode连接远程服务器时做可视化——Vscode插件Python Image Preview介绍》

激活插件并显示图像

然后按下ctrl+p,在命令框内输入>Python Image Preview激活插件,接下来点击需要预览的图像类型的变量,然后点击变量上的小灯泡,点击fig preview就可以显示图像。
《如何在Vscode连接远程服务器时做可视化——Vscode插件Python Image Preview介绍》

    原文作者:MapleTx
    原文地址: https://www.cnblogs.com/qftie/p/16530345.html
    本文转自网络文章,转载此文章仅为分享知识,如有侵权,请联系博主进行删除。
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