GRE填空的突破口之找出原句中的关键词语

  对立关系的句子是指原句中有一些标志性的词语,一旦确定了是属对立关系,那么句子的逻辑关系就有了转折,能够很容易地知道所填空格处一定与原句中的某个词语是相反的关系。所以,判断出句子是对立关系后,找出原句中的关键词语成为解题的突破口。

  对立关系的句子很多,凡是出现but, yet, however,nevertheless, although, (even though, while,whereas, notwithstanding, despite, in spite of, incontrast (to, on the contrary, on the other hand,whatever, otherwise, ironically, paradoxically,curiously, surprisingly 等带有转折逆转含义的题目,则代入空格的正确选项必与中心线索构成语义对立的反义词关系。

  In spite of the increasing _______ of their opinions, the group knew they had to arrive at aconsensus so that the award could be presented.

  A. impartiality

  B. consistency

  C. judiciousness

  D. incisiveness

  E. polarity

  首先,先要弄清选项中单词的意思。

  A impartiality, “不偏不倚, 公正, 公平”

  B consistency “一致性, 连贯性”

  C judiciousness “明智”

  D incisiveness “深刻,激烈”

  E polarity “极端”

  其次,我们知道句子中出现了in spite of,这就表明GRE句子填空空格处所填的应该与后半句话中的一个信息词语意思相反。那么,我们要先把后半句话的意思弄明白了,the group knew they had to arrive at aconsensus so that the award could be presented 即“这个团体知道他们不得不达成一致意见以便作出决定”。

  强调的是意见的一致这也正与前半句中的their opinions相对应。所以,空格处就应该与arrive at aconsensus的意思相反。根据选项中单词的意思,只有E选项最符合题意。正确选项是E。

  翻译:“尽管他们观念的不断分化,这个团体知道他们不得不达成一致意见以便作出决定。”

  Though his contemporaries tended to fixate on the politician’s supposed _______,hispersonal correspondence _______ a surprising largesse.

  A. Charity. . Confirms

  B. Parsimony. . Contradicts

  C. Avarice. . Betrays

  D. Integrity. . Reveals

  E. Generosity. . Bespeaks

  关键词though, largesse.

  Though 表示转折,largesse的意思是 “慷慨”,那就说明第一个空应该与largesse是相反的意思,这样就先排除了ADE三个选项。而第二个空应该填一个有“揭示”意思的词,所以,betray比较合适,所以,正确答案应选C.

 

    原文作者:mecrsipk
    原文地址: https://blog.csdn.net/u013141630/article/details/46708595
    本文转自网络文章,转载此文章仅为分享知识,如有侵权,请联系博主进行删除。
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